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Patterns in Human Geography
By: Harry & Eric


Comparing: New Zealand
and
Ethiopia


Ethiopia

Location: Africa
Capital City: Addis Ababa

Population Distribution

Total Population (2012): 91.73 Million
Population Density (2010): 82.95/km²
Settlement: Around cities and the capital

Landforms

Land Usage
- 20% is used for crops and agriculture
- 10-15% is forest (Rapid Deforestation)
- Rest of the land are pasture or cannot be used.

HDI (Part One)

Birth Rate: 38.5 births/1,000 population/Year
Death Rate: 9.3 deaths/1,000 population/Year
Life Expectancy: 59.24 years (2011)
Infant Mortality Rate: 60.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Literacy Rate: 39% (2007)

HDI (Part Two)

Per Capita Income: $1200 USD
GDP: 43.13 billion USD (2012)
GNP: 104.2 billion PPP dollars (2012)

Quality of Life
The Quality of Life at Ethiopia is very low.
People living in Ethiopia have a lack of the basic needs of life, such as food, health care, housing, education, and safe and a healthy environment.
This is because of poor hygiene, sanitation and the lack of clean drinking water.
Natural and man-made disasters have also made Ethiopia's quality of life very low.

Industrialization and Urbanization
The main industry in Ethiopia is Agriculture. Agriculture is 46% of the country's GDP, 86% of exports and 80% of total employment.
Only 17% of total population live in urban areas and the rest live in rural areas.
Transportation is mainly done in huge trucks or horse carts. There are cars, ships and airplanes but only in the major cities.

Living and Working Conditions
The living and working conditions in Ethiopia is very poor because the country is very poor and the quality of life is bad. People usually live in small metal shacks and work on farms for a living. This will influence children of my age by having a short life span and a bad living environment. The new children may not be very smart either because of the poor literacy rate that Ethiopia have. They have a high chance of having a disease because of the poor living conditions and unsanitary food.

New Zealand

Location: Oceania

Population Distribution And Density

Total Population (2012): 4.5 Million
Population Density (2012): 16.5/km²
Settlement: Mostly Urban Areas

Geographical Information

Land Usage

Geographical Information

Landforms
- Mostly Mountainous & Subtropical
- Volcanoes in the North

HDI (Part One)

Birth Rate: 13.57 births/1,000 population/Year
Death Rate: 7.2 deaths/1,000 population/Year
Life Expectancy: 80.8
Infant Mortality Rate: 4.72 deaths/1,000 live births
Literacy Rate: 99% (2003)

HDI (Part Two)

Per Capita Income: $30,804 (2012) USD
GDP: 139.8 billion USD (2010)
GNP: 132 billion PPP dollars (2011)

Quality of Life: New Zealand
Quality of Life - High
-Access to the basic needs of life (and more), such as food, health care, housing, education, safe and a healthy environment to live in.
- Live in a very clean environment, with lots of space around them

- Stable Economy & Government
- Will Affect Children: Continue to receive the benefits (and working conditions)

Urbanization and Industrialization

Urban population: 86% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 0.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Main Industries: Food, Tourism

Agriculture - 7%
Industry - 19%
Services - 74%
(2006 est.)

Living and Working Conditions
- Living & Working Conditions - Good
- Most people are providing services
- Stable Economy
- Good HDI

Bibliography
http://www.census.gov
http://en.wikipedia.org/
http://www.stats.govt.nz/
http://hdr.undp.org
www.indexmundi.com
http://www.angelfire.com/
http://understandingthehorn.org/
Google Images
Google Public Data
World Atlas

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